Answered By: Hofstra Reference
Last Updated: Aug 29, 2023     Views: 6

PICO describes the four elements of a good clinical foreground question:

P = Population/Patient/Problem - How would I describe the problem or a group of patients similar to mine?

I = Intervention - What main intervention, prognostic factor or exposure am I considering?

C = Comparison - Is there an alternative to compare with the intervention?

O = Outcome - What do I hope to accomplish, measure, improve or affect?

For more information about developing a PICO question and how to do PICO research see the "Development of PICO" page in the Writing in the Health Sciences LibGuide here:

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